Quote of the Week

“A man who dares waste one hour of time has not discovered the value of life.” – Charles Darwin

Tech Corner

There’s not much new to report this week. Last week was a terrible week for the equity markets which is to be expected in Quad IV. The S&P 500 was down -1.24% which wasn’t that bad. But the Nasdaq was down -3.58% and the Russell 2000 which is the index for small cap stocks was down -4.60%. The fact that the more volatile equity indexes were down so much is typical of a deep Quad VI.

Interest rates appear to have stabilized and were down slightly. This is a good sign for our bond positions. Remember, when interest rates decline, bond prices rise.

Other than a few minor positions in country specific ETF’s, the portfolio pretty much remains the same. Today we just added real estate to the portfolio but otherwise we are still positioned with about 50% of the portfolio in bonds, and the rest of the portfolio in Gold, Silver, Gold Miners, Utilities, U.S. Dollar, and U.S. Aerospace & Defense.

As you can see most of the portfolio is invested conservatively with an emphasis on assets that pay dividends.

Larry’s Thoughts

The IRS just released its long-awaited rules on distributions for the beneficiaries of IRA accounts. It is not what most of us expected in that we thought that the beneficiaries could defer the distributions for up to 10 years.  Here is the link to the article, but the printed version follows.


The new IRS 10-year RMD rule isn’t what we thought it was

The big surprise was the IRS’ announcement that if an account holder dies after their required beginning date, required minimum distributions would be required for years one through nine.

March 24, 2022

By Ed Slott

On Feb. 23, the IRS released its long-awaited SECURE Act proposed regulations for required minimum distributions, which include some big changes to the way most of us thought these payout rules would work.

Unfortunately, even though these are “proposed” regulations, the changes are likely effective now. This isn’t like tax law, where proposed legislation doesn’t become a law until it’s signed into law by the president. The SECURE Act was effective law as of Jan. 1, 2020; now, two years later, the IRS has issued these “proposed regulations” on how the RMD rules will work.

The big surprise was the IRS’ interpretation of how the 10-year rule applies for certain individual retirement account (and workplace plan) beneficiaries.

The IRS says that when death occurs on or after the account holder’s required beginning date, or RBD, under the 10-year rule, RMDs would be required for years one through nine. Then in year 10, the entire remaining balance in the inherited IRA would have to be withdrawn by the beneficiary.

This means that some beneficiaries who inherited in 2020 may have already missed an RMD (for 2021) that no one thought had to be taken. The best advice for advisers is to have affected clients hold off right now on making up any missed RMDs for 2021. Hopefully, the IRS will provide a waiver of the 50% penalty or some other guidance on this later this year.


As a review, the SECURE Act eliminated the so-called “stretch IRA” for most non-spouse designated beneficiaries and replaced that with a 10-year rule under which all the inherited retirement funds must be withdrawn by the end of the 10th year after death.

The law created exceptions for certain beneficiaries Congress called “eligible designated beneficiaries,” who could continue to use the stretch IRA the same as before the SECURE Act. EDBs are surviving spouses, minor children of the deceased IRA owner (up to age 21, regardless of state law), disabled and chronically ill beneficiaries, and beneficiaries who aren’t more than 10 years younger than the deceased IRA owner.

Most other non-spouse beneficiaries would be subject to the 10-year rule.

But under these new rules, both the RBD and the rule known as the “at least as rapidly,” or ALAR, rule become more important.

The RBD is generally April 1 of the year following the year the IRA owner (or plan participant) turns age 72. Some plan participants can delay their company plan RBD if they’re still working. Under these IRS rules, the RBD takes on new significance since RMDs would be required for years one through nine if the IRA owner dies on or after the RBD, but not if death occurred before the RBD.


The ALAR rule was always in the tax code for RMDs but lost its significance (or so we thought) once the 10-year rule was created. That’s because most commentators, including me, believed that under the 10-year rule, no RMDs would be required in years one through nine, and that the only RMD would be the balance in the inherited IRA at the end of the 10-year term.

Surprise! The IRS says no. The ALAR rule still applies, and RMDs will be required for years one through nine after death.

While the ALAR rule doesn’t require the beneficiary to take the same amount as the IRA owner, it does require that the beneficiary continue RMDs. Under this rule, once lifetime RMDs begin, they must continue for beneficiaries based on their life expectancy, if they are a designated beneficiary.

Translation: Both rules apply when death occurs on or after the RBD:
1. The ALAR rule, which requires RMDs each year after death (when death occurs on or after the RBD); and
2. The 10-year rule, under which all funds in the inherited IRA must be withdrawn by the end of the 10th year after death.


In 2021, Tom, age 32, inherits an IRA from his father, who died at age 74. Tom is a designated beneficiary, but he’s not an eligible designated beneficiary. This means he’s subject to both the ALAR rule (for years one through nine) and the 10-year rule, for year 10. Tom’s father died after his required beginning date, so Tom is required to take annual RMDs over his life expectancy (the stretch IRA) for the first nine years of the 10-year period (i.e., starting in 2022 and continuing through 2030). In 2031, by Dec. 31, he’s required to take the remaining portion of the inherited IRA. If he doesn’t follow this schedule, he’ll be subject to the 50% penalty on the amount not taken.


If Tom’s father had died before his RBD, Tom could take as much or as little out of the inherited IRA each year during the 10-year period, but he still would have to withdraw the entire IRA by Dec. 31, 2031. No annual RMDs need to be taken in years one through nine.


Since Roth IRAs aren’t subject to lifetime RMDs, every Roth IRA owner is deemed to have died before his or her RBD, regardless of their age at death. That’s because Roth IRAs have no RBD. For example, a Roth IRA owner who dies at age 100 is still deemed to have died before his or her RBD.

In the example, above, if Tom’s father’s IRA was a Roth IRA, Tom would not have to take annual RMDs for years one through nine of the 10-year period, regardless of how old his father was when he died (that is, whether he died before or after his required beginning date).

While some beneficiaries subject to the 10-year rule will have to take RMDs in years one through nine, this will never be the case for a designated Roth IRA beneficiary, since all Roth beneficiaries are deemed to have died before their RBD.

This can allow the inherited Roth funds to continue to accumulate income tax-free for the full 10-year term. That can benefit both individual and trust beneficiaries and is another good reason to contribute to, or convert to, Roth IRAs. Keep in mind, however, that the full balance of the inherited Roth must still be withdrawn by the end of the 10th year after death.


Since all Roth IRA owners are deemed to have died before their RBD, this can trigger the five-year rule if there’s no designated beneficiary. A designated beneficiary is an individual named on the beneficiary form or a qualifying trust. Examples of a non-designated beneficiary (NDB) are an estate, a charity or a non-qualifying trust.

Under the RMD rules for inherited IRAs, when an NDB inherits from someone who died before the RBD, the five-year rule applies, and the inherited IRA funds must be withdrawn by the end of the fifth year after death (but no withdrawals are required for years one through four).


This is yet another reason to check beneficiary forms to make sure that they have designated beneficiaries.

Alert your clients to these new RMD rules. New inheritors may already be subject to taking RMDs they thought could be delayed much longer.

Copyright 2022 Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc


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These are Larry Lof’s opinions and not necessarily those of Cambridge, are for informational purposes only and should not be construed or acted upon as individualized investment advice. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Due to our compliance review process, delayed dissemination of this commentary occurs.

The S&P 500 index of stocks compiled by Standard & Poor’s, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Index includes a representative sample of 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. Indices mentioned are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly.

Technical analysis represents an observation of past performance and trend, and past performance and trend are no guarantee of future performance, price, or trend. The price movements within capital markets cannot be guaranteed and always remain uncertain. The allocation discussed herein is not designed based on the individual needs of any one specific client or investor. In other words, it is not a customized strategy designed on the specific financial circumstances of the client. Please consult an advisor to discuss your individual situation before making any investments decision. Investing in securities involves risk of loss. Further, depending on the different types of investments, there may be varying degrees of risk including loss of original principal.

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