Quote of the Week

“The first rule of holes:  If you’re in one, quit digging.” – Will Rogers

Technical Corner

Welcome to the world of volatility. Last week the markets were up about 7% or so, recapturing the previous week’s loss. Yesterday (Monday), the markets were up big time with the announcement that Pfizer Drug Company announced that they now have a vaccine with a 90% positive success rate. This really changes things.

The question is what happens between now and the mass distribution of the vaccine. The economy is in real trouble with it stalling out. Things could get much worse with businesses failing, permanent unemployment doubling, renters being ejected, and all sorts of other bad economic events happening without some sort of stimulus. The economic hole could get so deep that it would take years to get back to normal.

On top of the economic issues, the virus is now out of control. The administration says they will not try and stop the spread as Mark Meadows admitting as much on national television the last weekend. Since late October, the number of reported daily infections has increased by 50% to over 125,000. The number of COVID-19 hospitalizations is 50,000, and the number of COVID-19 ICU patients is more than 11,000. If this trend continues, the hospitals will soon be overwhelmed. And still, some people will not wear masks.

A few weeks ago, I discussed the importance of the Rate of Change. If the Rate of Change is increasing and the virus is doing that, it takes a long time to get it to stop rising, let alone see the rate start to decline. I think this is going to be a “Dark Winter,” as the experts are saying.

The combination of Congress not coming up with an adequate Stimulus Package or no Package, plus the virus going totally out of control, I don’t know how this will affect the markets. Again, welcome to the world of volatility going forward. The next few weeks hopefully will give us a window into the future.

Tom’s Thoughts

Liability claims against you resulting from a car accident can easily wipe out all or a major portion of your assets. The following article is an excellent summary of the ins and outs of Liability Insurance.  Enjoy!

Liability Coverage under Your Personal Auto Insurance Policy

Potential liability claims are probably a big concern for you as a car owner. Consider the claims that might be brought against you for bodily injury or property damage (or both) resulting from a car accident. Adequate liability insurance coverage can protect you from the financial burdens associated with such claims.

Why buy liability insurance?

All states have financial responsibility laws that require owners of vehicles to prove they can pay for bodily injury and property damage caused by the use of their automobile. By far, the most common way to comply with financial responsibility laws is to buy an auto insurance policy. The liability limits of the policy must at least equal the minimum limits specified by your state. Even if you can prove financial responsibility in another way (e.g., by posting a bond), you still might have reasons to purchase liability coverage. If you have any valuable assets (e.g., home, car, stock portfolio), you’ll want to protect them. If you’re sued, and you don’t have enough insurance, a large judgment could wipe you out financially. Also, keep in mind that if you’re interested in buying excess coverage (an umbrella policy), you’ll need a certain amount of primary insurance first under your auto insurance and/or homeowners insurance policies (typically in the $250,000 to $500,000 range).

Who is an insured?

The way in which your policy defines an insured is very important. Anyone who is an insured has some protection under that policy. If you bought the policy and you own the car, you’re the named insured. But you’re not the only person who may be covered by the policy. There are probably more people insured under your policy than you think (e.g., household/family members). Check out your policy for the complete list.

Is there a limit to liability?

The liability limit is the maximum amount that the insurance company will pay for an insured loss, apart from any supplemental payments. Insurers may use one of two different methods to determine liability policy limits:

  • Single limit: Your policy states a single dollar amount (e.g., $100,000), and your insurer will pay all covered damages, regardless of damage type or number of parties injured, up to that limit. You’ll bear the burden of any amount over that limit.
  • Split limit: Here, you’ll see numbers like 100/300/50. This means that you have $100,000 coverage per injured person, up to a maximum of $300,000 per accident, and $50,000 for any property damaged in that accident. Again, you’ll bear the burden of any excess damage.

The method that your insurer uses may depend on state law requirements.

When your insurer won’t pay

The exclusions section of your insurance policy specifically sets out the limitations and restrictions on the coverage provided in the policy. Under the liability portion of your policy, coverage is generally excluded in the following situations:

  • Damage or injury is intentional
  • There is duplicate coverage (e.g., claims covered by workers’ compensation)
  • Your vehicle is being used as a taxi or in a limousine service (car pool arrangements in which expenses are shared are not excluded)
  • The car is being used to participate in racing or speed contests on a track
  • The liability coverage of personal auto policies is quite broad, subject to certain exclusion.

Keep in mind that insurers can only calculate risks on your known vehicles. So, if you own a vehicle that is not listed on your policy, your insurer may deny coverage if you’re in an accident while driving it.

Supplementary payments

Your auto insurer will make certain payments above and beyond the policy limits for specific expenses that you incur in connection with an accident. They may include:

  • Costs of defending lawsuits, including legal fees
  • Bail bonds
  • Appeal bonds
  • Attachment bonds
  • Interest on any judgments
  • Expenses incurred by the insured in defending claims, including lost wages

It’s important to note that there is supplemental coverage for bonds only if they are required as a result of an accident that caused bodily injury or property damage–not just for tickets or arrests for traffic violations.

Out-of-state coverage

The out-of-state coverage provision indicates how your chosen liability limits will apply if you are involved in an accident that occurs outside of your home state. If the other state has a higher minimum liability limit for nonresidents than the amount you are insured for, your policy may be interpreted as providing that higher minimum limit. However, a conflict between the laws of your state and the state where the accident occurred may ultimately have to be resolved by the courts.

 Other insurance

The purpose of the other-insurance provision is to establish the company’s responsibilities if the insured has more than one applicable policy or is driving someone else’s car. In the first case, each insurance company will pay its proportionate share. In the second case, insurance on the car being driven is tapped before the driver’s insurance. The driver’s insurance is excess over the policy purchased by the owner of the car.

Copyright 2020 Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc

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These are the opinions of Larry Lof and not necessarily those of Cambridge, are for informational purposes only, and should not be construed or acted upon as individualized investment advice. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Due to our compliance review process, delayed dissemination of this commentary occurs.

The S&P 500 is an index of stocks compiled by Standard & Poor’s, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Index includes a representative sample of 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. Indices mentioned are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly.

Technical analysis represents an observation of past performance and trend, and past performance and trend are no guarantee of future performance, price, or trend. The price movements within capital markets cannot be guaranteed and always remain uncertain. The allocation discussed herein is not designed based on the individual needs of any one specific client or investor. In other words, it is not a customized strategy designed on the specific financial circumstances of the client. Please consult an advisor to discuss your individual situation before making any investments decision. Investing in securities involves risk of loss. Further, depending on the different types of investments, there may be varying degrees of risk including loss of original principal.

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